- Irland, Lloyd C.
Journal of Forestry
Epidemic populations of spruce budworm, Christoneaura fumiferana (Clam.), infest a large portion of the spruce-fir forest of northeastern North America. The Maine Forest Service is responding to this outbreak with large spray projects, totaling 6.6 million acres in the past three years. It is also embarking on a program to develop an environmentally sound program of integrated management relying heavily on silviculture, salvage, research, and improved insecticides.