- Rosenberg, D. M.
Canada Dept. of Fisheries & Oceans
- Resh, V. H.
Department of Entomologicial Sciences, University of California
The objectives of this paper are to characterize an "ideal" environmental impact assessment (e.i.a.); to review the contemporary status of e.i.a. for several major activities and areas of development; and to identify successes, failures ;and future needs in e.i.a .
The institutional procedures to be followed for e.i.a. have been formalized in a number of countries, but the scientific basis and methods are still developing . We propose that the following elements comprise an ideal e.i .a.: (1) definition of scientific objectives, (2) background preparation, (3) identification of main impacts, (4) prediction of effects, (5) formulation of usable recommendations, (6) monitoring and assessment, (7) sufficient lead time, (8) public participation, (9) adequate funding, and (10) evidence that recommendations were