- Witter, John
School of Natural Resources, The University of Michigan
- Simmons, Gary
Department of Entomology - Michigan State University
Each leaflet provides a brief summary of the spruce budworm's biology or a particular aspect of pest management or forest management. They are not meant to serve as compendiums or as final sources of information. They introduce the reader to a subject and suggest sources where more information can be found.
Leaflet topics: I. Identifying the spruce budworm and its damage; II. Effects of spruce budworm outbreaks on trees and stands; III. Identifying stands with the greatest potential for tree mortality; IV. Monitoring spruce budworm populations and damage at the stand level; V. Forest management; VI. Insecticides; VII. Silviculture.